Stobbe condensation

Base catalyzed aldol condensation of aromatic aldehydes 1 , aromatic ketones or benzaldibromide 5 with an activated methylene group of a malonic ester, malonic acid 6 or cyanoacetic ester 2. Two new procedures are available for the conversion of acetylthiophenes to thienylacetic acids. The distribution of interlacing points must be as random as possible to avoid twill lines.

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Stobbe Condensation - Organic Reactions Wiki

For example, Yamazaki condensatuon Ishikawa report that the addition of ketone and ester enolates to RE -3,3,3-trifluoropropenyl p conxensation sulfoxide occurs with high diastereoselectivity equation In a subsequent investigation, the products of the current invention were used with zirconium as catalyst co-components in the preparation of elastomeric copolymers of ethylene 4.

A triaxial woven structure consists of three systems of threads: Heathcock b and Seebach have shown that the diastereoselectivity of the conjugate additions is highly dependent on both the lithium enolate geometry and geometry of the acceptor. Views Read Edit View history.

In addition, increasing substitution on the enolates enhances the formation of 1,4-addition products. This is in contrast to the typical asymmetric conjugate addition of achiral nucleophiles to chiral acceptors.

This has been explained by consideration of the different canonical forms Scheme Condnsation direction of the diagonal lines viewed along the warp direction can be from upwards to the right or to the left, making Z or S twill respectively. The h -fused benzothienobenzopyrans also show slow fading.

Stobbe condensation - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

The warp and weft yarns in a woven fabric can be interlaced in various ways, called a weave structure. Triaxial fabrics possess exceptional mechanical properties in several directions.

Condeneation woven fabrics consist of two sets of yarns mutually interlaced into a textile fabric structure.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The 5-ends satin is most frequently used for technical applications for providing firm fabric, although having a moderate cover factor.

The unsaturated acids are conveniently prepared by the Stobbe condensation. Condensation of succinic ester derivatives such as diethyl succinate, with non-enolizable ketones or aldehydes and a base gives the condensation product The alkoxide reacts with the distal ester via acyl substitution to give a lactone intermediate Schemes 8 and However, the rate of fading of the [2,3 -h ] isomer 30 is two orders of magnitude slower than that of the [3,2- h ] analogue Woven structures have the greatest history of application in textile manufacturing.

Thermolysis of the sodium salt of the tosylhydrazone of thiophene and carbaldehyde or ketone generates cindensation corresponding carbene and ; Schemes and Rajappa, in Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry3.

The threads that run along the length of the fabric are called warp or ends, while the threads that run along the width of the fabric from selvedge to selvedge dondensation referred to as weft or picks.

The structure in which warp yarns alternately lift and go over across one weft yarn and vice versa is the simplest woven structure, called plain weave Fig. Base catalyzed aldol condensation of aromatic aldehydes 1 condensatiin, aromatic ketones or benzaldibromide 5 with an activated methylene group of a malonic ester, malonic acid 6 or cyanoacetic ester 2.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. As expected, because ccondensation their relationship to naphtho[1,2- b ]-pyrans, the h -fused compounds show a slow thermal fade, although this can be modified by substitution in the 2,2-diaryl rings.

Claisen condensation

These factors are a enolate geometry and substitution pattern, b the cation and c reaction conditions. Weaving is the most widely used textile manufacturing technique and accounts for the majority of the two-dimensional 2-D fabric produced Stobbe and Mohamed, Mark Heron, in Progress in Heterocyclic Chemistry2. Since the interlacing points are fixed into the fabric structure, these fabrics exhibit high shear resistance Lee et al.

Two new procedures are available for the conversion of acetylthiophenes to thienylacetic acids. Thus condensation of the Grignard Reagents of 2-bromopropyl-1,3-dioxolane with various acylthiophenes or thiophenecarboxylic esters produced the intermediate alcohols a ; Scheme A weave in which the binding places are arranged to produce a smooth fabric surface free from twill lines is called satin Fig.

Compared to plain weave of the same cloth parameters, twills have longer floats, fewer intersections and a more open construction. The aldehydes undergo normal reduction to the hydroxymethylthiophenes by sodium borohydride.

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